The best place to start when teaching children how to pray is with common prayers that can be easily memorised.
The Sign of the Cross
The Sign of the Cross is a prayer, though we often don’t think of it that way. We should teach our children to say it with reverence before and after their other prayers.
In the name of the Father,
and of the Son,
and of the Holy Spirit.
The Lord’s Prayer
We should pray the Lord’s Prayer daily with our children.
who art in heaven,
hallowed be thy name;
thy kingdom come;
thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread;
and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us;
and lead us not into temptation,
but deliver us from evil.
We should pray the Hail Mary daily with our children.
full of grace, the Lord is with you.
Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb, Jesus.
Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death.
The Glory Be is a simple prayer that can be easily memorized.
Glory be to the Father,
and to the Son,
and to the Holy Spirit.
As it was in the beginning,
is now, and ever shall be,
world without end.
Prayer to the Holy Spirit
Come, Holy Spirit,
fill the hearts of your faithful.
And kindle in them the fire of your love.
Send forth your Spirit and they shall be created.
And you will renew the face of the earth.
Act of Contrition
The Act of Contrition is an essential prayer for the Sacrament of Confession. Before going to sleep, children who have made their First Confession could also make a short examination of conscience before saying the Act of Contrition.
My God, I am sorry for my sins with all my heart.
In choosing to do wrong and failing to do good,
I have sinned against you whom I should love above all things.
I firmly intend, with your help, to do penance,
to sin no more, and to avoid whatever leads me to sin.
Our Savior Jesus Christ suffered and died for us.
In his name, my God, have mercy.